Youth Employment Regulations

Youth of a nation is considered to be the future of the nation and therefore it is essential to guide them in the right directions and protect them from exploitation during work. Work according to law1 is defined as the human effort whether intellectual, technical or physical, exerted in return for a wage it may be permanent or temporary in nature. The federal law no. 8 of 1980 concerning the regulations of labour relations (hereinafter known as ‘the law’) provides for special provisions for the youth of the nation. Article 20 to article 26 of the law pertains to regulating the employment conditions of a youth and the present article evaluates and discusses the same.

First, it is important to understand who all come within the definition of the term ‘youth’. The term is not defined in the present law and therefore the general meaning of the term is to be looked into. In general terms, the term ‘youth’ means the phase of life which comes between childhood and adulthood. The age till which a person is said to be in childhood is not mentioned but article 86 of the Federal Law no. 5 of 1985 pertaining to the Civil Transactions Law of the United Arab Emirates State, a person enters the age of discretion at the age of 7 and further article 85 of the same law provides that a person in UAE enters the age of majority at 21 years of age. Therefore considering the age below 7 years as childhood and the age of and above 21 to be adulthood, the age of a youth should be between 7 years and 21 years of age.

The present article deals with the regulating provisions for the employment of the youth. Article 20 of the law provides for a minimum age for a youth to be employed, it provides that a youth of either of the gender must have completed a minimum of 15 years of age for being employed. Hence, the regulating provisions for employment of youth are applicable to youth between the age of 15 years and 21years of age. Employing a youth below the age of 15 years in the United Arab Emirates state would be illegal. Therefore article 21 of the law provides for measures to be taken by an employer to confirm the age of the youth before employing him/her. The employer is supposed to maintain a personal file for the youth and is under obligation to maintain documents giving proof of the age of the youth therein. The following documents have to be maintained in the personal file of the youth:

1. A birth certificate or an official extract thereof, or an age estimation certificate issued by a pertinent doctor and authenticated by the competent health authorities. (for proof and verification of the fact that the youth is of employable age)

2. A certificate of health fitness for the required job issued by a competent doctor and authenticated.

3. A written consent of the guardian or trustee of the youth.

Further, the law provides for the maintaining a special register comprising essential information about the youth at the work place by the Employer. The said register is to contain information regarding the name and age of the youth, the full name of the guardian or trustee thereof, the place of residence, date of employment and the work for which the youth is employed. The date of employment is to confirm that the youth when employed was of employable age. The work role of the youth needs to be specified as youths are allowed to do work only that is considered to be safe for them. Article 24 of the law provides that employment of youth in hazardous, strenuous or in such conditions that are harmful to the health conditions of the youth is prohibited. The circumstances and environment that are considered to be hazardous and harmful to the health of the youth are determined by virtue of a decision issued by the Minister of Labor and Social Affairs upon the consultation of the competent authorities regarding the same. Here only the physical health of the youth is taken into consideration but with effect of an amendment the provision for safeguarding the mind and the mental health should also be added in the present law as youth is an age where the mind imprints very fast and easily and hence it is essential to keep it away from unethical, immoral and illegal activities.

Further, the law provides for the duration for which a youth is allowed to work in terms of timings and number of hours. Article 23 provides that a youth can only be employed during day time but this provision is limited to employment in industrial enterprises. Therefore there is no restriction on employing youth during the night time at work places other than industrial enterprises. It also provides the meaning of the word “night” to be a period of twelve consecutive hours at least including the period from 8 p. m. until 6 a. m. Article 25 of the law limits the maximum working hours to 6 hours per day for youths. These working hours would also include intervals for rest, meals or prayers. The intervals together are to be for a minimum of one hour and can be more than that but never less than that. Also the interval or the intervals are to be set in such a manner that the youth does not work more than four consecutive hours and the youth is not to be kept in the work location for more than seven consecutive hours. Further the law also has enumerated provisions within itself against charging the youth with overtime or retaining him/her at the work place after working hours or making the youth work of rest days which includes Fridays and public holidays.

At times it is necessary for the development and rehabilitation purposes that the youth is made to work for longer hours or to attend work on rest days. For such cases the law provides a special provision for philanthropic and educational institutions, that they may be exempt from the above discussed provisions if the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs thinks fit. This is not a rule but only a discretionary power of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs which shall take all necessary facts and circumstances into consideration before granting any exemptions.

These provisions are to be kept in mind by employers, their representatives, guardians and trustees of the youth. As article 34 of the law provides that they are and shall be partially liable for the following of the above discusses provisions of the law. Tulsa Oklahoma Lawyer

Occupational Health and Safety Industry Best Practices

The primary objective of the Occupational Health and Safety Act is to ensure that safety at work is achievable in every organization big or small. By complying with this act, you can address issues that may pose danger to your employees, well before any untoward incidents occur.

Workplace inspections serve a critical role in fulfilling this objective and in maintaining a safe, productive work environment where your business can flourish. These are planned walk-through activities carried out in the work premises to critically examine various factors. Some of the aspects that may be covered are materials, buildings, equipment and so on which may potentially pose danger.

One should call in competent, experienced, safety consultants to outline how an effective safety inspection should be carried out for your workplace. Keep in mind that the nature of business, the kind of processes involved here, the kind of equipment being used etc have an impact on which aspects need to be covered during your workplace inspections.

Planning your Inspections

To carry out a truly effective inspection, it needs to be thoroughly planned where every important aspect is taken into consideration. Hiring experienced safety consultants is good move because they can bring in their expertise to point out various aspects that you may not have considered. In addition, you can have your own team enrolled in health and safety officer courses with these experts to learn how periodic inspections should be carried out to curb the risks in the workplace.

Establishing acceptable standards for various workplace activities, processes and the environment, in general, is a key component of workplace safety planning process. With the standards in place, it becomes easier for your employees and your inspectors to quickly identify increased risk in any area well in advance, so that it can be rectified before it causes any harm.

The Occupational Health and Safety Act Guide has been prepared to assist employers, workers, constructors, supervisors, owners, suppliers, and others who have duties under the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

The purpose of the OHS Regulation is to promote occupational health and safety and to protect workers and other persons present at workplaces from work-related risks to their health, safety, and well-being.

The occupational health and safety professional plays a major role in the development and application of accident investigations, risk assessments, loss prevention, and safety training programs for workers. They develop programs that will in conserving life, health and property; improve productivity by implementing loss-control programs in consultation with company and labour officials; identify health and safety hazards in the work environment and advise corrective action.

Do You Need a Real Estate Law Firm?

Buying real estate is a big decision and is typically the largest transaction most buyers and sellers will make. The sale and purchase involves complex areas of law that do not apply anywhere else. You are not usually required to hire an attorney to represent your interests in the transaction; most deals can be closed without one. However, it is a good idea to use the services of a real estate law firm in a property transaction, even though it may increase the cost. Here are just a few of the situations where it is particularly important to seek the services of a real estate law firm.

Short Sale

A short sale is the sale of real estate for less than the amount owed on the mortgage. In other words, the seller comes up “short” on the money to pay off the loan. It is always a good idea for financially distressed homeowners who are considering a short sale to seek the services of a real estate law firm.

Qualifications

Typically, there are four qualifications for short sale: The market value must have dropped, the mortgage must be in or close to default, the vendor must be suffering a financial hardship, and the seller must not have other assets that could be used to pay the full balance of the loan. If the seller has any assets that could be used to pay off the loan in full, the lender may ask the vendor to liquidate them and make a contribution to the payoff. Some states protect vendors against this, and some things are not considered assets. A real estate law firm will fully evaluate the vendor’s situation, determine if the vendor qualifies and give legal advice as to how to best protect any assets the seller may have.

Lender Approval of the Sale

Additionally, it is critical for an attorney to secure the lender’s approval for a short sale and to negotiate the most protection for the vendor. Without the approval of the bank, or without ensuring the vendor is adequately protected from the mortgagee in the future, the bank may be able to obtain a deficiency judgment. If a deficiency judgment is obtained, the bank can still pursue the seller in some ways for the amount the bank was shorted. The bank may be able to garnish the dealer’s wages, or pull money from the vendor’s bank account. Unfortunately, this means that the seller not only loses his property, but also his protection from the bank in the future.

Successions

Often, more than one person has inherited rights to real property. When inherited property is bought or sold, many questions arise. The first question for both sellers and buyers is usually, “Who can sell the property?” Many times, the answer to this question requires a thorough title search. Both parties may have additional questions. What if some heirs don’t want to sell it? Can the property be partitioned and sold? Can the non-compliant heirs be forced to “buy out” the heirs that wish to sell? A real estate law firm can assist any party in ensuring that the transaction has met all legal requirements and that their rights are protected.

Commercial Entities

Sometimes, one or more of the parties to the transaction is a partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or another type of business entity. There are certain formalities and filings that must be completed for any purchase involving an immovable, but there are additional requirements when business entities are involved. Business entities must file specific documents to protect their interests. Additionally, the entity’s charters and by-laws must be adhered to. The attorneys will understand the structures of the various business entities and will be able to protect you and ensure that the charters and by-laws are honored.

Real Estate Disclosure Laws

These laws legally force the seller of a home to disclose to the potential buyer any serious defects of the property. The laws were created to help protect the buyer from any defects that were not noticed until they closed on the house and become the owners. Many times it is hard to enforce real estate disclose laws because what is considered serious defects may be open to interpretation. Because of this, the laws are constantly changing resulting in many states not having effective disclosure laws. If the state does not have mandatory real estate disclosure laws, they will usually have a voluntary disclosure.

These laws can cover many different subjects so you should consult with a qualified lawyer or real estate agent to find out the specifics of what they cover. In regards to real estate disclosure there are both state and federal laws regarding these laws. Some brokerages have additional regulations for listings they accept. In the United States, Federal law requires disclosure in regards to using lead paint in homes constructed before 1978. The disclosure laws generally cover toxic or hazardous materials and the presence of asbestos and radon gas.

These laws are designed to help protect a potential buyer from buying a home that has known defects or issues. For example, if the home you are considering buying has suffered from earthquake or flood damage these laws will typically require the seller to provide you with this information. In addition to real estate disclosure law protection the buyer should also have a home inspection done by a professional. This inspection can possibly find other potential issues. Sometimes, the lender will require that a home inspection be done before they approve the loan.

In some states, there are long questionnaires that the property owner has to fill out before they can sell the property. This questionnaire does ask about any potential issues or defects with the property. These questionnaires typically cover everything from issues with the land to the wiring and plumbing inside the home. Some of the things that the seller has to disclose include, but not limited to, are:

• Water damage caused by a leaking roof
• Presence of wetlands on a part of the property
• Recent deaths on the premises

Generally, these laws only require that the sell reveal issues that they are aware of. This means that they cannot be held responsible for any problems they were unaware of before putting their home on the market but not every state provides this protection. There have been some cases that the seller can be sued by the buyer after they buyer becomes the homeowner. This is why you need to have expert advice about real estate disclosure laws in your state.

Why Should You Attend the Best Eviction Service?

The process of removal of an existing tenant is the single most cumbersome and frustrating task. You might have to remove tenants for a number of reasons. Right about the situation where a tenant doesn’t comply with the rules and regulations of that where the tenant hasn’t been paying any rent for the past few months, endless numbers of reasons can make you undertake the removal procedure.Whatever the situation may be, the removal process is never a peaceful one. It has to be dealt with a lot of patience and care. It involves several people and can go wrong in many different ways.

Know the process

The first thing that you should do is get in touch with the best eviction service. A good service can guide you appropriately through the ups and downs of the process. The landlord-related expulsion happens to be an expensive proposition. As a landlord, you should know how to serve the notice to your tenant, and how to summarize the points of ouster. Only a qualified attorney can guide you through the process. Most of these cases can be handled peacefully. But in some unlikely situations, the tenant may want to take the case to court. Here again, you need a qualified lawyer, by your side. With his assistance, you will know how to handle the rules and regulations of the litigation procedure.

The various aspects of the process

Only the best eviction service can help you to understand and moderate your expenses. You start by giving your tenants an expulsion notice to vacate the property in said amount of time. If they abide by the rules and vacate, you are saved of a lot of expense. If they don’t abide by the rules and ask for a case, you will have to take measures accordingly. For a primary level course, you will have to pay for the processing of the case. You will also have to pay for the services offered by the local constable.

The ups and downs of the process

After the case is closed and the judge rules in your favor then the tenant will have to vacate the property within the stipulated period of time. The tenant may even apply for time for moving his own personal property. Some of the laws protect the interest of the tenant. For instance, you cannot immediately discard away the property of your tenant. You must give him at least a month’s time. After a month if the tenant doesn’t shift his belongings, he will be given some days extra, after which the belongings can be discarded or sold off. You have to be particular about complying with the rules and regulations.

Importance of a good attorney

Having a good lawyer by your side is like having an angel guiding your way. As a layperson, you are not expected to know the ouster-related legal stipulations. That is why selecting a good attorney is of utmost importance. He will explain every part of the expulsion in great detail. He will ensure that you don’t spend too much upon this deed. Once you find a qualified lawyer, you can save both your time and money.

How I Successfully Organized My Own Eviction Services

You might have been putting up with a problematic tenant for quite some time now, and wish to get rid of the notorious person. There’s no denying the fact that these things are easier said than done. Evicting a tenant out of your house isn’t that easy as you might think it to be. The success of the entire project depends on your efficiency, planning, and judicious decisions. Landlords need to take the initiative, walk a mile ahead, and organize the entire process before it gets too late. While professional services are always there to help you, self-help is more important!

Learning to organize

Property evictions are elaborate and critical. Disorganized actions won’t help you in this regard. As an ingenious and wise landlord, you must take all the important factors into account. After analyzing and assessing these aspects, it will be high time to take the right decisions. Planning and organization are highly important. Even if you have professional Eviction Services by your side, you should learn to organize.

What to do?

A majority of landlords have this question. Renting out your house, apartment, or condominium seems to be easier than vacating it. The entire process involves a lot of processes such as legal formalities, technicalities, and documentation. You can’t ignore any aspect as that will affect the overall procedures. The leading companies offering Eviction Services have extensive experience. They will help you plan effectively and make sure everything falls into place. Breeze through the following tips and find out how they can help you:

1. Take the legal way

When it comes to evicting a tenant, verbal orders or requests won’t work. If you are dealing with a notorious one, things will become tougher than ever. Seek legal help and prepare the documentations first. Issue the expulsion notice and don’t do anything that’s against the law. Your tenants should get adequate time to vacate your property.

2. Know the laws

Basic knowledge of tenancy rights and property ownerships are highly important in this context. You should have a crystal clear idea of the legal procedures. Under what circumstances and which grounds can you ask your tenants to leave? Are they creating a ruckus in the neighborhood or inflicting damage on your property? Finding answers to these questions will be important.

3. Access to judicial resources

You might want to associate with professional eviction companies. However, it is imperative to check whether they have access to legal resources or not. The leading service providers will always come up with impressive results in this context. The following laws will let you know their service efficiencies:

· 3-day notice services

· 5-day notice services

· 7-day notice services

· 30-day tenancy deals

· Abandonment notices

· Unlawful detention

Signing off

Filing an expulsion case and identifying its merits isn’t easy. Unmatched expertise happens to be the prime requisite in this context. It is always better to build associations with the reputed service providers who can extend professional support to clients. Since planning and organizing are two of the most important tasks, make sure you seek professional assistance and execute them perfectly!